Obesity is a chronic condition defined by an excess amount of body fat that occurs when people take in more calories than they burn over a long period of time. In addition to impacting one’s quality of life, obesity also increases the risk of developing serious health conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes. It is generally understood that those with a body mass index (BMI) of 25 are overweight, and those with a BMI of at least 30 are obese, although BMI does not directly measure body fat.The prevalence of obesity has more than doubled worldwide since 1980. According to the World Health Organization, 600 million people were obese in 2014, equating to 13% of the world’s adult population. Although it’s not essential that those obesity seek diagnosis, medical advice may help those concerned with the increased likelihood of complications.

Chronic obesity puts people at risk for arthritis, stroke, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases, as well as esophageal, endometrial, colorectal, kidney, and postmenopausal breast cancers. Treatment for obesity involves a personalized combination of eating healthy, exercising regularly, and treating any underlying conditions. Prescribed weight loss medication and surgery are also available for those who are extremely obese.

Additional Expert Sources:
Obesity Society
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
World Health Organization

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